Fruit & Vegetables in Dog Nutrition: What Your Dog Needs? (2022)

“The dog is man’s best friend,” it says beautifully; as for a best friend, we would do everything for our dog. Therefore, you also want to offer your dog a healthy and balanced diet, which includes fruits and vegetables. But which varieties can you give your dog without hesitation, which ones are toxic for him, and in which quantities should you give your dog fruits and vegetables? We will answer these and many other questions you will undoubtedly ask in this guide. It will ensure that you provide your dog with the appropriate nutrition.

The most important, in brief

  • Dog diets that include fruit and vegetable meals can help your dog live a healthier life.
  • However, you can not safely feed every vegetable or fruit to your dog.
  • Giving your dog the fruit and vegetables finely cut or even pureed is best.
  • Some fruits your dog can tolerate better if they are already overripe.
  • Potatoes are poison for your dog if you don’t cook them first.

What you should know about dog nutrition

Before we get to the actual topic, we want to provide you with some background information about your dog’s nutrition.

“BARF”: What is my dog’s optimal diet?

“BARF”: This stands for Biologically Appropriate Raw Food,” whereby the abbreviation initially comes from the English and for Bones And Raw Food,” meaning “bones and raw food.” This diet aims to make the animals’ food as possible as they would eat it in the wild.

In the concrete implementation, this means giving your raw dog meat, such as muscles, offal, skins, and fruits and vegetables. However, it would help if you didn’t feed your dog unilaterally. Inform yourself well about this type of diet in advance and possibly first consult your veterinarian.

A good and balanced diet is essential, especially in the puppy age.

When and how often should I feed my dog?

The amount of food your dog needs depends on the size and age of your dog. An adult dog should eat 2.5% of its body weight per day. Ensure your dog does not overeat and has enough time to digest. So ensure that you have fixed feeding times that follow sufficiently significant breaks. It is best to feed your dog two to three times a day.

Ensure you do not give your dog too much food for puppies and young dogs. Too much food can result in a sudden growth spurt that your dog’s body is unprepared for and can cause bone problems. Feed your dog four to five times a day at a young age, and as you get older, you reduce the number of times you feed and increase the amount of food. Get your dog used to fixed feeding times already in puppy age.

Caution: Do not overfeed your dog, especially at a young age, as this can lead to bone problems later on.

Dog nutrition: Which fruit and vegetables are suitable for my four-legged friend?

Let’s now come to the actual topic of this guide, namely the question of which fruits and vegetables you can give your dog and what you should pay attention to.

Why should I give my dog fruits and vegetables?

For the same reason that we humans should eat enough fruits and vegetables, it is also suitable for your dog to eat enough fruits and vegetables. Fruits and vegetables contain numerous minerals and vitamins that strengthen your dog’s immune system. So you can prevent diseases and possibly save your dog some trips to the vet.

What fruits and vegetables can I give my dog?

Unfortunately, not all fruits and vegetables are safe to serve to your dog. We have created a table for you to give you an overview of the suitable varieties for your dog. However, you can generally remember that your dog tolerates overripe fruit better. In addition, you should only feed very acidic fruit in smaller quantities, such as any citrus fruit.

No problem
  • Apple
  • Apricot
  • Banana
  • Chicory
  • Chinese cabbage
  • Strawberry
  • Fennel
  • Current
  • Carrot
  • Cherry
  • Kohlrabi
  • Dandelion
  • Plum (peel before)
  • Beetroot
  • Salad
  • Asparagus
  • Spinach
  • Zucchini
Best to feed overripe
  • Pineapple
  • Pear
  • Blueberry
  • Melon
  • Orange
  • Tangerine
It is best to cook in advance and feed in small quantities … …to avoid flatulence:
  • Cauliflower
  • Broccoli
  • Kale

…to prevent blockage:

…to prevent diarrhea:

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How much fruit and vegetables should I give my dog?

The appropriate amount depends, of course, firmly on the dog’s size. It is said that a medium-sized dog weighing about 20 kg should eat between 150 g of fruit and 250 g of vegetables. So if your dog weighs less, it’s best to give fewer fruits and vegetables, and if your dog weighs more, you also adjust the amount accordingly. The fact that the amount of fruit is smaller is due, on the one hand, to the fructose content, which is significantly higher in fruit, and on the other hand, to the acids, which are often contained in fruit.

Do I have to give fruit and vegetables to my dog?

It is not a must to feed your dog with fruits and vegetables. Your dog can also get the nutrients it needs to survive from dog food. However, if you provide a little fruit and vegetables to your dog, you will feed your dog healthier.

Tip: If you have overripe fruit you don’t want to eat anymore, you can give it to your dog to reduce unnecessary waste. Pay attention to what fruit your dog can eat.

How should I give fruit and vegetables to my dog?

Remember that the more crushed or pureed the fruit or vegetables are, the better. It will make your dog’s digestion a lot easier because one of the differences between the digestive system of the dog and us humans is that the dog lacks an enzyme that can split plant cell walls. If you puree or cook the fruits and vegetables beforehand, you will destroy their cell walls. In general, fruits and vegetables can be fed raw, except potatoes, because raw potatoes contain solanine. It is toxic, so be sure to cook it first.

Note: raw potatoes can be toxic to your dog.

Other vegetables can be fed raw to your dog without any problems. However, like humans, certain vegetables, such as broccoli and cauliflower, cause flatulence.

In addition, you should remove the core or the stone from the core and stone fruit beforehand so that your dog can not swallow it.

For your dog to absorb all the vitamins, it is essential always to feed fruits and vegetables with a bit of fat. Thus, fat-soluble vitamins can also be absorbed by the dog’s body. You should combine the dog’s regular food with fruit and vegetables.

Fruits and vegetables in dog nutrition promote your dog’s health.

Which fruit or vegetables are toxic to my dog?

Not every fruit and vegetable is suitable for your dog, and some varieties can even be toxic to him. So make sure your dog doesn’t eat them, including:

  • Eggplant
  • Avocado
  • raw green beans
  • raw potato
  • Garlic
  • Leek
  • Paprika
  • Tomato
  • Grape
  • Onion and any

What else you should know about fruits and vegetables in dog nutrition

It should clarify the most critical questions about fruits and vegetables in your dog’s diet. In the following, we will answer a few questions you may have asked yourself during your research.

Why are fruit and vegetables so essential for us as living beings?

The main reason is the minerals and vitamins that contain fruits and vegetables are vital for our organisms. Our immune system and bones are strengthened, our cells can regenerate faster, and our metabolism is stimulated.

Not only do many vitamins do us good, but also our dogs.

Can I give fruit juices to my dog?

It does not matter if you give your dog fruits and vegetables in solid food or juice. However, do not give your dog a purchased juice from the supermarket; use only the fruits and vegetables you can find in the table above. Also, do not add carbonated water, as dogs do not tolerate sparkling water.


Although it is not a must that you provide your dog with good fruits and vegetables if it is possible for you in time and financially, care for a varied diet with a bit of fruit and vegetables in your dog’s food, your dog’s immune system and bones will thank you. In addition, you also provide a nice change in the food for your dog.

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